Terpenes 101

Terpenes 101


What are terpenes and terpenoids?

Terpenes also known as essential oils, are flavor and fragrance molecules found in all plants and even some animals such as swallowtail butterflies and termites. There are over 100 types of terpenes in the plant kingdom and play a very important role in every plant’s life. They are the primary component of resin glands on plants to protect the flowers from predators and attract beneficial pollinators. 


An essential oil profile is a plant’s own thumbprint in the world; its personal expression of its response to its surroundings, personality & soul, captured through it’s unique ‘terpene’ profile or aroma. Essential oils are part of an organism's dynamic life cycle. Hemp has a robust amount of terpenes naturally, with each different hemp cultivar containing a unique terpene profile.

Another term to understand is terpenoids, which are derivatives of terpenes that have additional atoms due to oxidation, which is what happens when a  hemp flower is dried and cured. The two terms are often used interchangeably.

How are terpenes used? 

Terpenes are used in several major industries that manufacture the majority of products sold and found in or households. Terpenes are used to flavor packaged foods, beverages, tooth pastes, beauty products, candles, room fresheners, cleaning products, perfumes and pretty much anything with a smell.


Terpenes and Food & Beverage

Terpenes can be used as a food-grade flavoring! You can see terpenes being used more and more in creative ways when it comes to food and beverage. Seasoned chefs, bartenders and craft brewers utilize terpenes to enhance the flavor, aroma and intended effects of their consumable creations.

Terpenes and Skincare

Terpenes are not only fantastic aromatic agents, but their natural properties can actually make skincare products more effective. Certain terpenes are known to boost absorption, promote hydration, alleviate inflammation, act as an antibacterial and more. 

What are the health benefits of terpenes?

Terpenes have a vast range of positive effects on our bodies, They act as switches - helping to regulate and turn receptors in our body on and off.  By triggering the receptors in our body the various terpenes create they can address anxiety, depression, increase circulation, stimulate cellular growth, stop bleeding, heal cuts, and pain relief . Lastly they can arrest major infections such as MRSA, calm restless leg syndrome and are anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiviral, antifungal. 

What is the ‘Entourage Effect’?

The “Entourage Effect” is a term coined by Doctors, Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam, back in 1998, to represent the biological synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds like flavonoids and terpenes. Terpenes are the modulators of the cannabis world. Different terpenes can enhance or provide distinct effects, fueling what is known as the “entourage effect.” The effects of terpenes can be therapeutic, deeper penetration of CBD, sense of relaxation, a sense of overall well being, or uplifting and energizing. They create an individual experience via the senses—including taste, sight, smell, and touch.

Feed CBD’s Terpene Therapy

Mimicking the synergy of plant allies in nature, we combine steam-distilled essential oils of medicinal plants to create efficacious 100% plant based remedies. 


Each one of our topical products naturally contain over 150 synergistic terpenes. We use Whole Plant Hemp, so you are receiving the full ‘entourage effect’ of the plant, which creates our natural plant aroma.  The powerful aroma of our formulas come from the concentration of terpenes contained in the essential oils. The essential oils (terpenes) are naturally occuring and have not been stripped, refined or diluted in any way. 





















Some Of The Most Common Terpenes Found In Plants:



Top 5 Terpenes In All Of Our Product Formulas:


Alpha-bisabolol

(Insert pic of chamomile)

Aroma: floral

Effects:

Alpha-bisabolol has been proven to be effective in treating bacterial infections and wounds and is a great antioxidant with anti-irritation and analgesic properties.

This terpene found its use primarily in the cosmetics industry, but lately, it has caught the attention of researchers for its supposed medical benefits.

Myrcene

Aroma: earthy, musky

Effects: It reduces the harm of environmental factors that age the skin. It blocks the action of cytochrome, aflatoxin B, and other pro-mutagenic carcinogens. It also has a relaxing, calming, anti- spasmodic and sedative effect. CBD + myrcene helps to decrease inflammation, reduce pain, is an analgesic and antimicrobial. 

Caryophyllene 

Aroma: spicey, sweet, woody, with clove notes

Effects: Caryophyllene can be found in various herbs and spices, particularly in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices like oregano, basil, and rosemary which contributes to the spicy flavour note. Beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, which makes it an ingredient in anti-inflammatory topicals and creams. Caryophyllene is the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors.


Linalool

Aroma: floral, with lavender notes

Effects: Linalool also has a powerful calming action, anti anxiety, and produces a sedative effect. Linalool has analgesic and anti-epileptic properties.  Linalool is currently used in the treatment of various cancers.


Eucalyptol (1,8-cineole)

Aroma: camphor, pungent, spicy, minty

Effects: Eucalyptol is extensively used in cosmetics as well as medicine. Eucalyptol is a potent anti-inflammatory helping to relieve pain as well as slows down the growth of bacteria and fungus.

Eucalyptol (1,8-cineole) comprises up to 90% of the essential oil of Eucalyptus oils, hence the common name of the compound. It is also found in camphor laurel, bay leaves, tea tree, mugwort, sweet basil, wormwood, rosemary, sage and other aromatic plant foliage. 

 

Geraniol

(Insert pic of palma rosa)

Aroma: roses, grass, peaches, and plums

Effects:

It acts as an effective antimicrobial and antibacterial. In its ability to fight free radicals, geraniol may have antioxidant, antitumor, and anticancer properties. Studies have shown that geraniol can fight inflammatory responses in the body.


Besides hemp, geraniol can be found in palma rosa, rose geranium, lemons, tobacco and honey bees.